May is Archaeology Month in Georgia, and thanks to the hard work of SGA members across the state, this year the month of May is packed with exciting events in nearly every corner of Georgia. Just a few of the planned events include: tours and hands-on activities at Etowah, Camp Lawton, Fort Daniel, and a chance to visit the ArchaeoBus in Stone Mountain. Click here to view the full schedule of Archaeology Month events, and click here to access the official Archaeology Month brochure.
Each year, Georgia’s Governor signs a proclamation that decrees that May is Archaeology Month. Archaeology Month is intended to promote preservation and stewardship of our hidden archaeological heritage.
A statewide archaeology awareness promotion begain in Georgia with a weeklong celebration in 1994. Observance has grown to an entire month of special public events, exhibits, and demonstrations in communities across the state. The SGA serves as the primary sponsor of Georgia Archaeology Month. Co-sponsors include state agencies, private firms, and non-profit and professional organizations. Public outreach is a critical link in fostering better awareness of archaeology and a sense of stewardship for our state’s archaeological sites. The SGA advocates preservation, protection and interpretation of these fragile resources, including the dramatic monumental architecture, or mounds, that are the focus of this year’s Spring Meeting.
The Society for Georgia Archaeology holds its Spring Meeting during Archaeology Month, and publicizes the many activities that occur around the state during May. These range from lectures and presentations, to Artifact Identification Days, as well as displays and informal programs. We list these events on our Society’s online calendar.
As part of Archaeology Month, our Spring Meeting has a theme or topic. It is the focus of presentations and discussions at the meeting. As part of our Archaeology Month preparations, SGA produces materials specifically tailored to students and teachers, including lesson plans, which also address the annual theme.
Submitted by Tammy Herron
Organizers of the 2013 Archaeology Day invite you to attend on Saturday, May 4th between 10AM and 4PM. The event will be held at the historic Ezekiel Harris House located at 1822 Broad Street in Augusta, Georgia. Admission is free. Click here to access a colorful, printable one-page flyer advertising the event.
This Archaeology Month event is sponsored by the Augusta Museum of History and the Augusta Archaeological Society, a Chapter of the SGA. Access all stories on this website about 2013 Archaeology Month by clicking here.
Click here to read more stories about the Augusta Archaeological Society.
The SGA invites you to join us at the 2013 Spring Meeting, scheduled for Saturday, May 18, at the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame, 301 Cherry Street, Macon (see map below). The theme for Archaeology Month and this year’s Spring Meeting is Digging and Diving into the Past: Celebrating 20 Years of Georgia Archaeology Awareness. The SGA is proud to return to Macon to celebrate this important anniversary.
Pre-registration will be available online (click here), or at the door. If you prefer to register and pay by mail you may do so by sending in a completed registration form, which you may download by clicking here. Attendees to all SGA activities are expected to be registered (including if you just attend afternoon events). The amount is members $10, non-members $15, and students $5 (all per person). You can also sign up and pre-pay for a box lunch (i.e., Subway sandwich, chips, cookie, and a drink).
The meeting will begin with registration and check-in followed by a welcome announcement, then launch into presentations on “Research, Education, and Outreach at Georgia Archaeological Sites.” We’ll take a short break and then hear presentations on “Recent Investigations at Ocmulgee National Monument.”
We’ll have a short business meeting, offer the SGA-Georgia Ports Authority presentation “Georgia Time Capsule,” then adjourn for lunch. You must pre-pay if you want a box lunch.
We’ll reconvene at Ocmulgee National Monument, with a tour of the “Plateaus” by Dan Bigman beginning at 1:30 PM. Then, attendees will be on their own to visit the newly renovated NPS Museum or visit Dunlap Hill (with the Mississippian period Dunlap Mound and the Historic Dunlap House) to the north of the Museum. Attendees are also invited to visit Fort Hawkins near the Monument.
A PDF of the schedule, with event times, for the SGA’s 2013 Spring meeting can be accessed by clicking here. The presenters and their titles and abstracts are:
Jim D’Angelo, The Search for Fort Peachtree
The symbolic importance of Fort Peachtree for the history of Atlanta is well known. However, the exact location of this iconic fort has only been guessed at by historians and archaeologists working in the vicinity of the Indian village of Standing Peachtree where, according to contemporary eye-witness accounts, the fort was located. Re-examination of those original accounts in light of a trove of new documents found at the National Archives during the summer of 2012 has shed new and corrective light on this old story. This presentation deals not only with the location of the fort, but with new facts about Fort Daniel’s role in the venture, new details about the date and construction of Peachtree Road, surprising new information about the construction of a flatboat and a skiff used in an experimental supply run down the Chattahoochee to General Floyd’s supply base at Fort Mitchell, and new details concerning the context of this entire venture.
Pat Garrow, Dating the Cave Spring Cabin
The Cave Spring cabin was identified in 2010 when wooden siding was removed from what had been known since 1902 as the Green Hotel building in downtown Cave Spring, Georgia. The cabin was revealed as a two-story log structure, and there was immediate speculation that it dated prior to Cherokee Removal. Subsequent historical research failed to place improvements on the property prior to Removal. Limited archaeological excavations conducted by Cultural Resource Analysts, Inc. (CRA) in December, 2012, utilizing volunteer labor recovered an artifact sample from the rear of the Cabin that was suitable for dating its construction. This paper discusses the available historical data on the Cabin and presents the results of the test excavations.
Keith Stephenson, Karen Smith, and Kevin Kiernan, Preston Holder’s WPA Excavation of the Truncated Mound at the Evelyn Site in Glynn County
The Evelyn Plantation site, near Darien, was first investigated by Preston Holder and a small Depression-era workforce in 1937. The site consisted of at least five conical sand mounds, and a low-lying, rectangular, flat-topped mound labeled Mound B. In the late-18th century, William Bartram described this mound as a “tetragon terrace” of European construction (i.e., a fort). Holder’s excavations revealed that Mound B was actually prehistoric in origin. Truncated, pyramidal mounds were constructed during the Woodland period but are more commonly associated with the Mississippi period. The dissimilarity between flat-topped mounds of these periods, as characterized archaeologically, involved the use of their platform summits which served different purposes and activities. Our discussion entails a determination of whether Mound B is affiliated with either the Woodland Swift Creek or the Mississippian Savannah-period occupation at Evelyn Plantation.
Andrew Post and Susan Fishman-Armstrong, Involving the West Georgia Area in an Education Outreach Program
The Antonio J. Waring, Jr. Archaeology Laboratory formalized its Education Outreach Program in CY2003 to include an On-Site Mock Excavation, a Guided Tour, and two Traveling Teaching Trunks for 3rd-8th grades to educate the public about archaeology cultural heritage. Due to the economic recession and changes in educational standards, program usage has declined. The purpose of this research is to identify public and education needs to increase program usage. Research was conducted with local school curriculum coordinators, UWG faculty, available literature, and other museum education programs. Classroom related activities (i.e., the teaching trunks) are preferred to correspond with current Georgia Standards.
Richard Moss, Digging with Foresters: Fostering Intra-agency Archaeology Awareness at DNR
Archaeologists at DNR HPD are actively involved in public outreach throughout the State. But HPD can also boast of close relationships with its sister divisions inside DNR, for which it provides technical assistance in CRM. Cooperation with these divisions is developed, maintained, and enhanced by continual internal efforts to educate and inform agency resource managers on the importance of preserving archaeological resources on state land. This paper is a retrospective on my time at DNR assisting the foresters of the Wildlife Resources Division, which was a great learning experience in promoting archaeology awareness. This culminated in an educational field workshop involving preliminary survey at 9HT238, a prehistoric site discovered in a pine stand near the Ocmulgee River at Oaky Woods WMA.
Daniel P. Bigman, Recent Investigations of Ocmulgee’s Ditches
Ocmulgee’s ditches are two of the most puzzling enigmas in Ocmulgee National Monument. Kelly originally conceived of the features as a series of “dugouts,” subterranean dwellings that did not enclose the North, Middle, and South Plateau bluff. Recent electrical resistivity and ground penetrating radar surveys indicate that both the inner and outer ditches did continue past the limit indicated by Kelly. Further, a reanalysis of artifact counts from these two ditches in light of ceramic chronological refinements for central Georgia suggests that Ocmulgee’s Early Mississippian inhabitants built the outer ditch first. This finding supports an initial assessment by Hally and Williams.
Daniel P. Bigman and John Cornelison, Toward a New Understanding of the Historic Creek Occupation at Ocmulgee: Complimentary Work by SEAC and UGA
Drake’s Field, a series of baseball fields, was gifted to Ocmulgee National Monument in 1991. This expanded the size of the park by approximately 6 ha to the west. This paper presents the results of a compliance project carried out following the gift, but before re-chaining of the fence that enclosed the area. The shovel test survey and two test pits primarily recovered historic artifacts, many dating to the historic Creek occupation. This project redefined the boundaries of the Creek town surrounding the English Carolinian Trading Post. Two decades later, a geophysical survey carried out in Drake’s Field identified anomalies that likely represent Creek buildings and burials. Furthermore, the distribution of anomalies helped inform the possible layout of the Creek town.
Matthew Jennings, Displaying Ocmulgee: Archaeology and Tourism at the Early National Monument
As soon as Civil Works Administration workers and professional archaeologists began to pull Ocmulgee’s treasures from the earth, boosters and scientists alike saw the need to put these objects on display and use them to draw visitors to a region threatened by the decline of the cotton economy. Tourism and the scientific study of artifacts were deeply intertwined from the very beginning of the excavations, and continue to be connected into the present. This paper treats the earliest displays at Ocmulgee, from the converted work shed that served as the first “museum” on the site through the triumphant opening of the Art Moderne Vistor Center and state-of-the-art research facility in 1951. How we came to know what we know about Ocmulgee, and how scientists publicized their findings, comprise nearly as compelling a tale as what we have learned from the site.
We look forward to celebrating the twentieth anniversary of annual Archaeology Awareness events with you at the SGA’s Macon meeting.
Please pre-register for the SGA’s 2013 Spring Meeting, on Saturday, May 18th, in Macon using our new online registration option. This option is only available through Sunday, May 12th to give us time to order lunches. On-site registration will be available, beginning at 8:30 AM. If you prefer to register and pay by mail you may do so by sending in a completed registration form, which you may download by clicking here.
The meeting has three parts. There’s a morning session of presentations at the Theater of the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame, 301 Cherry Street, Macon (31208). The optional (pre-ordered) box lunches will be available there. Then, the group will regroup at Ocmulgee National Monument for a tour and the opportunity to visit elsewhere in the Monument. You must register to attend morning and afternoon events.
You can now register for the Spring Meeting online and pre-pay for box lunches, and pay your registration fees right here!
Registration is $10 per person for members of the SGA, $15 per person for non-members, and $5 for students with ID. You must register if you attend any portion of the program throughout the day.
You can order a box lunch (provided by Subway) for $5 per lunch. Please specify meat or vegetarian. Lunches must be pre-ordered by Sunday, May 12th.
Regular (sub with meat)
View cart and checkout
Once you have selected the registration and meal/tour options above and clicked ‘Add to cart’ for each, click on the ‘View cart’ menu just below to verify your choices and begin the checkout process (please have your credit card ready.)
If you purchase event registration or options, the purchase is final. It’s unfortunately not possible for refunds to be issued if you are unable to attend. Instead, your purchase amount will be rolled into the SGA Endowment Fund to support the vision and mission of the organization. Thank you for your support!
Submitted by Pamela Baughman (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Join us on Saturday, May 18th, 2013 for the Spring Meeting of the Society for Georgia Archaeology. The theme for Archaeology Month is “Digging and Diving into the Past: Celebrating 20 Years of Georgia Archaeology Awareness.”
Papers that focus on archaeological research in Georgia and within this thematic category will be considered for the program. Each presenter should plan for a presentation of 20 minutes or less including time for questions at the end. Please submit your title and abstract (100 words) electronically to Pamela Baughman by by clicking here by March 15th, 2013 (this deadline allows time to print presentation titles in The Profile). Presentations will be accepted with the number of slots being limited to eight. For questions, please call 706-399-6966 or email Pam by clicking here.
The conference presentations will take place in the Theater of the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame, located at 301 Cherry St., Macon 31208. Presentations will occur in the morning session, from 9:15-11:30AM. Coffee and refreshments will be provided. All participants must pay registration fees according to membership category. A boxed lunch (Subway) will be available for purchase during early registration.
After lunch, conference participants are also cordially invited to attend an afternoon session and tour at Ocmulgee National Monument, located at 1207 Emery Highway on the outskirts of Macon. Afternoon presentations will focus on the topic, “Ocmulgee Archaeology: The Past 25 Years.” Slots for presentations during this session are by invitation only.
Where to find it
Submitted by Pamela Baughman (email@example.com)
For the 20th year, SGA is coordinating Georgia Archaeology Month, a statewide promotion held each May that encourages the public to learn about the archaeological resources present in our state and creates awareness about the importance of protecting Georgia’s archaeological heritage. Your help is needed to plan the activities that will be the basis of our Calendar of Events. Possible activities include site tours, workshops, excavations for the public, open houses at museums or laboratories, exhibits, and lectures.
Please join in and help celebrate Georgia Archaeology Month 2013. Your event will be included in the Calendar of Events brochure, which will be distributed statewide as well as posted on this website. This year’s Archaeology Month theme is “Digging and Diving into the Past: Celebrating 20 Years of Georgia Archaeology Awareness.” Please respond by March 29, 2013.
Hold an event! Join in the Fun!
Here are some suggestions for local host organizations:
Libraries—create window or lobby displays that highlight books, journals, and magazines about archaeology; partner with an archaeologist to develop special student or seniors’ programs; host lectures.
Museums—develop special exhibits or let us promote your existing archaeological displays; host lectures; host living history events.
Historical and Archaeological Societies—host lectures or exhibits; work with local archaeologists to provide hands-on experiences; encourage members to visit archaeological sites and exhibits during the month.
Colleges and Universities—encourage faculty to join in special community programs; promote archaeology curricula and field research of faculty; if appropriate, develop exhibits for student activity centers, libraries, and other public spaces.
Professional Archaeologists—present a talk to the public; sponsor an open house.
Help us publicize Georgia archaeology by sponsoring an event. Tell us about your event by March 29, 2013. Submit information online using the form below, OR download a PDF by clicking here (do just one—both request the same information; no need to do both). For a PDF version of this story, click here.
If you have any questions or would like additional information, please email Pamela Baughman by by clicking here.
Please plan to join members and guests of the SGA at our semi-annual meeting this spring, scheduled for Saturday, May 18th in Macon. Preliminary plans include a morning session of presentations at the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame, a break for a boxed lunch (or bring your own), tour of Ocmulgee National Monument by Dan Bigman, and more presentations at Ocmulgee in the afternoon. The theme for 2013 Archaeology Month, of which the SGA Spring Meeting is a part, is “Digging and Diving into the Past: Celebrating 20 Years of Georgia Archaeology Awareness.” There’ll be a modest registration fee and the meeting is open to the public. Stay tuned to this website for details.
We haven’t reserved a block of rooms in Macon. Here’s a list of hotels for you to choose from:
Marriott Macon ($119.00-129.00)
240 Coliseum Drive
Hilton Garden Inn ($139.00)
1220 Stadium Dr. near Mercer University & I 75 @ Bass Road
478-741-5527 or 478-477-9776
Fairfield Inn ($80.00)
4035 Sheraton Drive
Candlewood Suites ($80.00)
3957 Riverplace Drive
La Quinta Inn ($70.00)
3944 Riverplace Drive
Country Inn & Suites ($69.00)
3015 Arkwright Road
Local restaurants include:
Market City Café
$$; 478-257-6612; Bkfst, lunch & dinner—near the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame
502 Cherry Street
$; 478-746-8658; lunch & dinner—near the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame
543 Cherry Street
562 Mulberry St. Lane
Jim Shaw’s Seafood
3040 Vineville Avenue
2440 Riverside Drive
Ingleside Village Pizza
2395 Ingleside Avenue
2626 Riverside Drive
Sticky Fingers BBQ
5080 Riverside Drive
Carraba’s Italian Kitchen
3913 River Place
Margarita’s Mexican Grill
5451 Bowman Road
Submitted by Tammy Herron (firstname.lastname@example.org)
I will start this President’s Message off apologetically—I should have had this message out at the beginning of January, but life has thrown some major curve balls my way as of late. I would like to say that I am looking forward to serving as President of the SGA for the next couple of years and will strive to get information out in a timelier manner.
For those of you who were not in attendance at the 2012 Fall Meeting, the new (and some not so new) officers for 2012-2014 are President Tammy Herron, Vice President Leslie Perry, Secretary Pam Baughman (thank you for your willingness to serve again), Treasurer Rick Sellers (thank you for your willingness to serve again), and Ex-Officio Catherine Long. Newly elected board members for 2012-2016 are Phillip T. Ashlock (aka PT), Tom Lewis, Amanda Morrow, and Joseph Roberts. Board members serving the 2010-2014 terms are Lyn Kirkland (who has stepped in to fill Leslie Perry’s unexpired term now that she is VP), Matthew Newberry, Don Thieme, and Inger Wood. Additional officers include Early Georgia Editor Jared Wood, Early Georgia Managing Editor Dr. David Hally, and The Profile Editor Ben Steere. I look forward to working with the SGA leadership and our members throughout the state as we strive to grow and strengthen the organization. On that note, I would like to mention that the officers and board members will be holding a Strategic Planning Meeting in February to reevaluate and prioritize the list of both short and long term goals for the organization, so look for an update on the website following that meeting.
I personally wish to thank everyone who worked to make the 2012 Fall Meeting a success in Columbus—especially, Matthew Newberry, Suzanne Newberry, Lynn Pietak, and Dean Wood. I hope that you read Past-President Catherine Long’s summary of the Fall Meeting, if not, perhaps this will prompt you to do so. Those of you who were unable to attend the meeting, tour, and social hour downtown afterwards missed a real treat! We received a warm welcome by our hosts at the Columbus Museum and gleaned much information from the interesting and informative papers presented during the morning session. Following lunch, we enjoyed a fantastic tour of the National Civil War Naval Museum at Port Columbus led by Mr. Jeffrey Seymour. If you find yourself traveling near or through Columbus, I encourage you to stop in and take a tour of both of these wonderful institutions that are working to preserve Georgia’s history. I think you will be glad you did! We had great food and fun during the social hour at The Cannon Brew Pub downtown and enjoyed people-watching during the city’s annual Spooktacular Halloween Celebration—some of the scenes were definitely quite spooky!
And speaking of meetings, please SAVE THE DATE and make plans to join us for the 2013 Spring Meeting on Saturday, May 18th in Macon! Preliminary plans include a morning session of presentations at the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame, boxed lunch, tour of Ocmulgee National Monument by Dan Bigman, and more presentations at Ocmulgee in the afternoon. I look forward to seeing you there! Please visit SGA’s website for continued updates regarding Georgia Archaeology Month and the Spring Meeting.
Now that Georgia Archaeology Month in on your mind, did you know this year marks the 20th year that SGA has hosted an annual archaeology awareness promotion? What began as GEORGIA ARCHAEOLOGY AWARENESS WEEK in May of 1994 has evolved into a month-long celebration and outreach effort to promote a better of understanding of archaeology in general, how archaeology is conducted in Georgia, and the importance of site preservation. The theme for 2013 is “Digging and Diving into the Past: Celebrating 20 Years of Georgia Archaeology Awareness.” Again, please visit the website often for additional postings regarding this awesome celebration and the calendar of events that will be taking place around the state.
On another note, the SGA has joined The Coalition to Preserve the Georgia Archives and will be listed as a supporting organization in the Georgia Archives advocacy document. As many of you will remember, Catherine Long, the immediate past president of our organization, sent letters last September in support of the Georgia Archives to the Governor, Lt. Governor, and Secretary of State. “In order to continue the preservation, study and education of all Georgia’s rich history,” Mrs. Long urged these officials to reconsider their decision to close the archives. Like-minded organizations around the state are working to ensure that legislators are aware that additional funding is needed “in the next state budget to restore the Georgia Archives to its ability to be open to the public for regular business hours and to have sufficient staff to provide the basic full range of services that a state archival institution should provide.” As such, the officers and board members felt that it was our duty to join with other supporting organizations throughout the state as a Coalition Partner.
One last note, please take time to renew your membership for 2013! If you have already done so, then I thank you immensely. And remember that you can join and/or renew even faster and easier now via credit card payment online by clicking SGA’s NEW payment link here.
Hope to see y’all at the Spring Meeting in Macon!