Georgia archaeology online

We have gathered together a few of the best places to look for high-quality information about Georgia’s human past online—other than the Society’s own website, of course!

There are 24 articles in this category. Each excerpt below links to the full article (click on the article headline or the 'Click here to read' link!)

Graham Creek Paleoindian Inventory Report available online

Submitted by Scott Jones

In 1979, Mr. Lee Thomas surface collected 86 probable Paleoindian bifaces and tools from a plowed field near the Oostanaula River in Gordon County, Georgia. Known as the Graham Creek (9GO32) site, it was initially assigned a Woodland period date. In 2013 Mr. Thomas contacted David Anderson (PIDBA, Paleoindian Database of the Americas) for assistance […]

Avondale Burial Place video

Submitted by J.W. Joseph (

Avondaleburialplace banner CURecently, New South Associates was contracted by the Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) to recover, analyze, and relocate the Avondale Burial Place in southern Bibb County. Fieldwork discovered 101 individuals. Later analysis, including historical research, indicates the burial ground was most heavily used in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, although there are indicators that this location began as a slave cemetery and was subsequently used by African American tenant farmers. View an excellent video about this important project that’s in the full story.

Artifact styles…do not always match genetic data

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

SGA 0160 RJL PIDBA CUAre you interested in the earliest human settlers in North America? If so, you may enjoy browsing the information offered online in The Paleoindian Database of the Americas. The Georgia section now includes thousands of photographs and drawings of Paleoindian and Early Archaic projectile points, and metric data for the points, too, courtesy of R. Jerald Ledbetter. Style studies, for example of stone tools, do not always match the results of archaeogenetic studies.

Visit Harvard’s Peabody Museum collection online

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

Peabody Museum artifact 86 22 1039054 CUIn the March 2011 issue of American Anthropologist, Meg Gaillard reviews the website of the online collections of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University. Take a look at the review and the online collection and see pictures of artifacts from Georgia, and some information about the conditions under which they came into the collection. The article considers a “groundstone bowl fragment” as an example of this useful online collection.

GARS update: Archaeology Month 2010 and Fort Daniel activities

Submitted by James J. D'Angelo (

The Gwinnett Archaeological Research Society teamed with the Fort Daniel Foundation to again combine their public archaeology event with FDF’s 2nd annual Frontier Faire at the Fort Daniel site in Gwinnett County, May 22-23. A highlight of the weekend was a brick making project employing methods and technology that would have been used in the late 18th–early 19th centuries.

Coastal Heritage Society blog records investigations of Revolutionary period sites in Savannah

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

Savannah_Under_Fire_excavation_CU.jpgCoastal Heritage Society archaeologists, supported by the NPS American Battlefield Protection Program, are investigating Revolutionary War archaeological sites throughout downtown Savannah. Read about their activities in their recently established blog, “Savannah Under Fire.” The blog has frequent updates, sometimes more than once per week!

Slave-related court cases collected in online archive

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

Eighteen years of research by history professor Loren Schweninger at the University of North Carolina—Greensboro has produced an online database is called the Digital Library on American Slavery. Data are drawn from court cases from across fifteen states, with over 1100 records from the state of Georgia.

Travel on the web: Visit

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

If you haven’t visited recently (or ever!), now’s the time to do so! Read about the Leake Site, which is downstream of the Etowah Mounds and pre-dates it, and is on the Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation’s 2010 list of Places in Peril.

Browse rare maps online at UGA’s Hargrett Library

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

Hargrett_1796_Tanner_map_CUThe University of Georgia Libraries have a special section called the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, which offers research materials in digital form online. This map, dated 1796, offers insights into the encroachment of Euroamericans into the interior of what is now Georgia, which was then held by Native American groups.

Visit Georgia’s Virtual Vault—online!

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

Georgia_Virtual_Vault_Clayton_farm_CUDo some research online and save fuel! Georgia’s Secretary of State’s website includes the Virtual Vault, which contains historical documents, records, maps, etc., dating back to 1733, as well as recent photographs.

“Preserving Georgia’s Historic Cemeteries”

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

cemetery_marker_GA_cuThe Historic Preservation Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources has a downloadable sixteen-page booklet dated November 2007, titled Preserving Georgia’s Historic Cemeteries that you may find interesting.

Useful links from Digital Library of Georgia

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

DLG_logo_CUThe Digital Library of Georgia website includes a page of links titled “Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842” that you may find useful. Links include the official websites of Southeastern tribes, and some museums, archives, and libraries, etc.

Read about a real archaeology project

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

Fernbank_blog_09_CULaboratory work is now underway at Fernbank Museum, lead by SGA President Dennis Blanton, wearing his day-job hat as Curator of Native American Archaeology. Summer 2009 was the fourth season of fieldwork he’s lead at a South Georgia site that’s produced early Spanish artifacts, including glass beads.

An update on the Archaic period across North America

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

SAA_magazine_logo_cuThe Society for American Archaeology has 7000-plus members, and is “an international organization dedicated to the research, interpretation, and protection of the archaeological heritage of the Americas.” PDFs of back issues of the Society’s magazine The SAA Archaeological Record are available for free, except for the latest issue. You may enjoy perusing them. In particular, the November 2008 issue is recommended; it has a series of articles on our current understanding of the Archaic period in North America.

Road trip: Augusta’s Springfield community

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

Springfield_Baptist_Goo_CUNext time you’re in Augusta, go downtown and visit the Springfield community. Springfield community is just west of the original downtown Augusta, right on the river. The community was a free African American community established around the time of the Revolutionary War. The heart of the community was and is Springfield Baptist Church, which was probably established between 1787 and 1793.

Learn about Georgia’s prehistoric pottery online

Submitted by Sammy Smith (


To explore and learn about the decorations used on prehistoric pottery from Georgia, visit the University of Georgia’s website on Georgia Indian ceramics. The helpful website has pictures, discussions, and full bibliographic citations for pertinent literature.

NPS website lists Federal laws pertaining to archaeology

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

nps_dot_gov_cuThe National Park Service website offers a list of laws and regulations pertaining to our nation’s cultural heritage on its website, along with links to the complete texts of the legislation. Perhaps most historically important is the Antiquities Act of 1906, which has been amended once and protects historic and prehistoric antiquities on Federal lands. Another important one is Executive Order 11593, signed in 1971, which charged the Department of the Interior with leading historic preservation activities for the nation.

Links to websites focused on archaeological studies in Georgia

This is just a partial list…. Bartowdig is a website about a single Native American archaeological site in northwest Georgia. Part of the site is beneath a state highway. Widening of that highway precipitated recent research to mitigate the impact on the part of the ancient community that would be destroyed by road construction. The […]

Purely online research resources

The New Georgia Encyclopedia is a premier on-line resource for information about Georgia’s past, although it emphasizes Georgia’s history over its prehistory. Click here to visit the New Georgia Encyclopedia website. The University of Georgia’s Laboratory of Archaeology website provides, among other things, downloadable PDFs of the Laboratory of Archaeology Series Reports. The first publication […]

A summary of Georgia’s archaeological sequence

Period Time Subsistence Pattern Settlement Pattern Diagnostic Features Post war, global economy, information age AD 1945 to Present Corporate agriculture, international trade, service industry, and civil service Suburban-urbanization, second homes, rural abandonment Public works, transistors, interstate highways, disposable products, railroad abandonment, Teflon, computers Depression, recovery and war AD 1929 to AD 1945 Manufacturing, farming, retailing, […]

State-level organizations

Georgia’s Office of the State Archaeologist is within the Historic Preservation Division of the Department of Natural Resources. Read more about it here. The Georgia Archaeological Site File is the official repository for information about Georgia’s archaeological sites, dating to all periods and including standing historic buildings. The GASF houses over 3,400 Cultural Resource Management […]

Private organizations

The Coosawattee Foundation, based in Calhoun, seeks to educate the public about the value of past and present Native American cultures, to work with landowners to preserve archaeological sites and the natural environments in the immediate vicinity of these sites, and to persuade the public and government leaders of the need to implement public policy […]

National organizations

Although their information is more general, several national organizations have online presences and websites that are worth viewing. The Archaeological Conservancy is a non-profit organization that seeks to acquire and preserve the best of our nation’s remaining archaeological sites. Every day archaeological sites are threatened by development and other land use changes. The Archaeological Conservancy […]

GDOT Archaeology Unit busy

The Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) Archaeology Unit at the Office of Environment/Location is an integral part of the GDOT mission statement that promises a “safe, seamless and sustainable transportation system that supports Georgia’s economy and is sensitive to its citizens and environment.” The responsibilities of the GDOT Archaeology Unit within the mission are two-fold. […]