There are 37 articles in this issue of The Profile. Each excerpt below links to the full article (click on the article headline or the 'Click here to read' link!)

The Profile issue 148, Spring 2011, now available

Issue number 148 of the SGA’s quarterly newsletter, The Profile, is now available as a downloadable and printable PDF. The stories in The Profile all were originally posted to this website.

2011 Archaeology Month2011 SpringAnnouncementsPresident's message

President’s Message: Preparing for Archaeology Month 2011—and more

Submitted by Catherine Long (

sga_logo_cuSGA President Catherine Long updates members of the SGA on current activities by the Society’s leaders. We’re getting ready for Archaeology Month 2011 and our associated Spring Meeting, planned for McDonough on May 13–15. The theme is Gone But Not Forgotten: Rediscovering the Civil War Through Archaeology. That’s not all, however; the SGA has many committees, including on Membership, Advocacy, the ArchaeoBus, Website and Communication, Chapter Relations, and the Endowment—and more. The SGA’s newest committee is charged with selling over 3500 copies of the 2nd—and final—edition of Frontiers in the Soil; look for details on ordering on this website soon! Catherine also requests volunteers to work on poster packaging.

Book notes

Colonoware Examined: Another Heritage Remembered

Submitted by Karen Denham Downen, BFA, MHP (Graduate Certificate in Native American Studies Potter, Educator and Preservationist)

Colonoware_Examine_CU.jpg Get your copy today! Volumes in Historical Archaeology: No. 49 Colonoware Examined: Another Heritage Remembered. This volume is an overview of past and current research on South Carolina and Georgia colonoware: Including initial assessment of representative, excavated pottery and shards and comparison with known ceramic technology.

Archaeological sites to visitEvents information

Scull Shoals Heritage Festival, Saturday, April 30th, 2011

Submitted by Allen Vegotsky

Scull_Shoals_window_frame_CU.jpgScull Shoals Heritage Festival organized by the Friends of Scull Shoals is planned for April 30th, 2011. It will be an exciting day with tours, crafts, food, old time music, entertainment and more. Scull Shoals is an historic and archaeological site on the Oconee River, between Athens and Greensboro. It was once a frontier village where Creek Indians and European pioneers lived in proximity (sometimes peacefully), and, later, the town used water power for mills, and the surrounding factory town.

Just for kidsSocial Studies Fair awardsTeacher/Student

Georgia Social Studies Fair 2011 archaeology awards

Submitted by Lynn Pietak, SGA Board Member

In my role as an SGA board member, notes Lynn Pietak, I was asked by President Catherine Long to attend the Georgia Social Studies Fair 2011, to give awards sponsored by the Society for Georgia Archaeology (SGA) and the Georgia Council for Professional Archaeologists (GCPA). The fair was held at Dutchtown High School in Hampton, Georgia.

Photo galleriesResearch articles

Scouts learn what Real Archaeology is

Submitted by David Chamness

Scouts working in N GA 2010 04 CUBoy Scouts from Troop 125 in Holly Springs performed some real life science by helping William Phillips, an Eagle Scout from Troop 11 of Gainesville, in early May 2010. Under the supervision of Dr. Jack Wynn, North Georgia College and State University archaeologist and long-time SGA member, the boys visited a prehistoric site that Mr. Phillips had targeted for testing. The scouts helped precisely measure and mark the locations of the new test holes, then worked in supervised groups, making careful notes as they proceeded. At day’s-end, scouts had recovered dozens of pottery fragments, along with a few groundstone artifacts, and the artifacts all had to be cleaned and categorized. The boys learned that science isn’t always done the way it appears to be in the movies.

Events informationSGA notices online

Membership in SGA—a minute with new Secretary Baughman

Submitted by Pamela Baughman, SGA Secretary (

SGA Secretary Pamela Baughman is excited to be heavily involved in SGA and SGA Leadership. She wants to see others enjoy this same excitement and become a member of the SGA. The SGA is an organization that recognizes amateurs and professionals in lectures, fieldwork, meetings, and other events focused to promote the preservation of archaeological sites, the study of archaeological data, and education to the general public about archaeological issues.

Archaeology 101

Making money may not be a long-term solution

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

Confederate bill NYTimes CUHow do you make money? How does a nation make money? Often, countries “make” money by printing it. The full story discusses a recent article by Ben Tarnoff in the New York Times online that reviews the decisions made from 1861 on by the Confederacy’s money managers to fund the war. The discussion goes on to consider short-term solutions that do not solve long-term problems.


DNR-Historic Preservation Division hires two new archaeologists

Submitted by Richard Moss (DNR-Historic Preservation Division)

hpd_logo_circularThe Historic Preservation Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources now employs two additional archaeologists, Rachel Black and Richard Moss. Black serves as a review archaeologist and is primarily responsible for assessing archaeological investigations conducted by/for GDOT. Moss conducts archaeological surveys on state lands to identify and protect archaeological sites threatened by foresting activities.

Online news and research

2012 state budget: Georgia Archives funding reduced in HB 78

Georgia Sec of State logo CUVirginia Shadron, Chair, Friends of Georgia Archives & History, reports that the Fiscal Year 2012 budget that passed the Georgia House of Representatives on March 11th includes budget reductions that probably will result in the State Archives closing its doors to the public. Shadron’s comments are made in an open letter online here. The House Bill must now be considered by Senators. Archaeologists use records stored at the Georgia Archives regularly in their research. Most materials are not online, so visiting the Archives is the only way to obtain the unique information stored there.

Events informationGolden Isles Archaeological Society

GIAS’s April meeting: Speaker will be Mack Carlton

GIAS Golden Isles CUThe next meeting of the Golden Isles Archaeological Society will be at 7 PM on April 12th at the St. Simons Elementary School cafeteria, 805 Ocean Boulevard. Mack Carlton, GIAS member, will be the speaker. He will bring the story of the Pikes Bluff Battle. Read the March 2011 issue of The Antiquarian, the newsletter of the GIAS, by clicking here.

Events information

Moccasin Bend walking tour planned

Join National Military Park Historian Jim Ogden for a two-hour walking tour exploring some of the “hidden” history at the Moccasin Bend National Archeological District on Sunday, March 13th, beginning at 4 PM.

Golden Isles Archaeological SocietyJust for kidsTeacher/Student

It’s not what you find, but what you find out

Submitted by Kelly Woodard (

Linda Lane, member of SGA’s local chapter Golden Isles Archaeological Society (GIAS) wrote an article for Dig magazine titled “It’s Not What You Find-But What You Find Out.” Dig magazine is published for children ages nine and older in partnership with Archaeology magazine. Its main focus is making archaeology, paleontology and earth sciences interesting to children.

Chapter NewsEvents informationNorthwest Georgia Archaeological Society

NWGAS March 10th meeting entitled Creek and Cherokee at Chattanooga’s Moccasin Bend Site

Submitted by Jim Langford (

The Northwest Georgia Archaeology Society will hold a meeting Thursday, March 10th, 2011, at the Etowah Indian Mounds Site near Cartersville. The lecture presented by Dr. Nick Honerkamp of the University of Tennesse at Chattanooga is Creek and Cherokee at Chattanooga’s Moccasin Bend Site. Located at the toe of Lookout Mountain, Moccasin Bend is one of America’s most unique and scenic archaeological sites—located at a significant geographic and geologic crossroads.

The SGA news

2011: January and February observations on

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

The SGA’s website continues to be popular in the opening months of 2011. In the full story, we examine statistics for average daily pageviews and unique visitor counts. We also look at “visitor loyalty,” which assesses how many times a single visitor (which actually may be multiple people, such are the complexities of internet head-counts!) visits our website over a given period. We see increases in visitor loyalty from January to February 2011.

Archaeological sites to visit

Cultural heritage tourism: Main Street USA

Submitted by Kelly Woodard (

The Natural Trust defines Cultural Heritage Tourism as traveling to experience the places, artifacts and activities that authentically represent the stories and people of the past and present, including cultural, historic and natural resources. The main goals of cultural heritage tourism include improving the quality of life for residents as well as serving cultural heritage travelers who will most likely stay longer and spend more money than travelers who are not affiliated with local history and its cultural environment.

Golden Isles Archaeological SocietyMuseums and Historical Centers

March 1st GIAS meeting: Visitor’s Club of the Brunswick Board of Trade in the late 1930s

Submitted by Kelly Woodard (

The Golden Isles Archaeological Society will hold their monthly meeting Tuesday, March 1, 2011, at St. Simons Elementary School. Dr. Kevin Kiernan, board member of the Society for Georgia Archaeology is lecturer for the March meeting. Kiernan’s topic is titled Archaeology and the Visitor’s Club of the Brunswick Board of Trade in the Late 1930s.

On the level

Dr. Zachary Hruby: Life at Georgia State University

Submitted by Zachary Hruby (Georgia State University)

Dr. Zachary Hruby, of Georgia State University’s Anthropology Department, discusses briefly what being a visiting professor is like for him. His research area is Ancient Maya and Mesoamerica. He is enjoying Georgia and hopes to stay for the long haul.

Archaeological sites to visit

Track Rock Gap site: a new vision of petroglyphs

Submitted by James Wettstaed (Heritage Program Manager/Forest Archaeologist Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forests)

Track_Rock_CUTrack Rock Gap Site is the location of a series of rock carvings made by Native Americans in Union County, Georgia. It is one of the most significant rock art sites in the Southeastern United States. Track Rock is located on the Blue Ridge Ranger District of the Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forests. A revamp of the site has allowed viewing the petroplyphs more enjoyable and information can be found at an interactive web site designed to be used by visitors while at the site.

Events informationGreater Atlanta Archaeological Society

March 8th GAAS meeting: Obsidian for the dead

Submitted by Dr. Zachary Hruby (Georgia State University)

GAAS_logo_100The Greater Atlanta Archaeological Society will meet Tuesday, March 8th, at 7 PM for its regular monthly meeting. The program will feature Georgia State University visiting lecturer Dr. Zachary Hruby who will discuss his research regarding lithic technology, epigraphy, and iconography of the Ancient Maya and Mesoamerica.

2011 Archaeology Month2011 SpringSGA notices onlineThe SGA news

2011 Spring Meeting call for papers

Submitted by Catherine Long (

sga_logo_cuJoin us on Saturday, May 14th for the Spring Meeting of the Society for Georgia Archaeology. The theme for Archaeology Month is Gone But Not Forgotten: Rediscovering the Civil War through Archaeology. Papers that focus on archaeological research in Georgia or the bordering states will be considered for the program. Each presenter should plan for a presentation of 20 minutes or less. Please submit your title and abstract (100 words) by March 15th. The meeting will be held at the Henry County Chamber of Commerce, McDonough. Details are in the full story.

Archaeological sites to visit

Sapelo Island lightkeeper’s house rediscovered

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

Recently, a team of volunteer and professional archaeologists directed by professionals from the University of Tennessee-Chattanooga, West Florida University, and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources have discovered the site of the original lightkeeper’s house on Sapelo Island. Since the collapse of the ruins, probably in the early 1900s, its location had been lost. The SGA leadership visited the lighthouse in February 2010, perhaps walking over the buried remains of the house.

Events informationGreater Atlanta Archaeological Society

Undergraduate research projects presented to GAAS

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

GAAS_logo_100Four archaeology students affiliated with Georgia State University and Kennesaw State University, and interning at the Fernbank Museum of Natural History, presented the results of substantive research projects to members of the Greater Atlanta Archaeological Society (GAAS) and their guests on Tuesday, February 8th, 2011. The students have been working with GAAS President Dennis Blanton on data from a ca. 1540 village site in south Georgia. Read the full story for more information about their findings.

Archaeological sites to visitEvents information

UGA hosting presentation about Camp Lawton

Submitted by Jared Wood (

Snedon 1864 Camp Lawton detail CUThe UGA Student Association for Archaeological Sciences is sponsoring an exciting, free event on Friday, February 18 at 6:00 pm in the UGA Zell Miller Learning Center, Room 171, on the UGA campus in Athens. Archaeologist Dr. Sue Moore, Georgia Southern University, will discuss “Sacred Ground: Archeology at Camp Lawton,” emphasizing recent investigations and new findings at Camp Lawton, a relatively unknown and recently re-discovered Confederate prison camp that operated in 1864 near Millen.

Archaeological sites to visitBook notes

New volume on excavations at Major Ridge home

Submitted by Pat Garrow (

Garrow Chieftains cover CULong-time SGA member Pat Garrow’s new book, The Chieftain Excavations, 1969-1971 reports the results of excavations Pat conducted on the Chieftains site, home of Cherokee leader Major Ridge (died, 1839) in Rome from 1969 to 1971. Analyses clearly indicate that George Lavender’s Store had been located in the north side yard of Major Ridge’s home, and had stood over the stone-lined cellar found during the excavations. Read more about this interesting research—and follow a link to order the volume in paperback or as a PDF—in the full story.

2011 Archaeology Month2011 SpringSGA notices onlineThe SGA news

Register NOW for Spring Meeting, 2011

Submitted by Tammy Herron (

Nash Farm sign CUMark your calendar and register now for the SGA’s Spring Meeting, which will be held May 13–15, 2011, in McDonough. Seating for Saturday’s meeting is limited, so be sure to return your registration form (click here) and check soon. This year, the theme for Georgia Archaeology Month is Gone But Not Forgotten: Rediscovering the Civil War through Archaeology. The full story includes exciting meeting details.

President's messageThe SGA news

SGA President’s message: January 2011

Submitted by Catherine Long (

sga_logo_cuSGA President, Catherine Long, addresses the 2011 winter board meeting, upcoming goals, and spring meeting dates. According to Catherine, 2011 will be an exciting year to be part of the SGA!

Archaeology 101

Historic preservation is good for Georgia’s economy

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

Recently, Georgia DNR’s Historic Preservation Division released Good News in Tough Times: Historic Preservation and the Georgia Economy, a report on the impact of historic preservation on the state’s economy. The report is downloadable and gives figures on some benefits to the state’s bottom line. Note that individual property owners have invested $560,000,000 in historic buildings over the decade beginning in 2000.

CRM research notesOnline news and research

Archaeological excavations in Augusta reveal material culture of racial segregation

Submitted by Brad Botwick (New South Associates, inc.)

Augusta followed some of the broader trends of urbanization experienced across the USA in the 19th century. As the city spread from its original core area, it took on many characteristics of a modern city, including residential neighborhoods that were divided based on class, race, or other attributes. In this example, a planned residential development specifically incorporated prevailing social ideologies at the turn of the century. The development was designed and built to separate residents on the basis of race and class, which helped to reinforce ideologies of the appropriate racial and economic social positions and roles.

Chapter NewsCoastal Georgia Archaeological SocietyEvents information

CGAS sponsors talk in February

Savannah_Ogeechee_canal_CU.jpgThe Coastal Georgia Archaeological Society is sponsoring a speaker on Sunday, February 6, at 2:00 pm at the Savannah-Ogeechee Canal Museum, 681 Fort Argyle Road (Route 204), Savannah, as part of Super Museum Sunday. The speaker is P.T Ashlock, and the presentation is titled, “Archaeology of Ebenezer: How the Method of Ground Penetrating Radar Helped Reveal a Fort from the American Revolution”.

SGA notices online

Winter 2011 Planning Meeting a huge success

Submitted by Sammy Smith (

The SGA leadership met on Saturday, 22 January 2011, at the the Gwinnett Environmental & Heritage Center. During the all-day meeting the group covered old and new business, including moving forward with 21st-century technologies, like using the cloud for collaborative document generation and establishing a Facebook presence for the Society.

SGA notices onlineThe SGA news

The SGA debuts on Facebook

facebook_logo_small.jpgThe Society for Georgia Archaeology is moving forward with embracing 21st century technologies. The SGA is now on Facebook(!!), here. If you’re already on FB, you can “like” the SGA, and look for updates about new stories on this website and other information. However, the principal online focus of the SGA will remain this website.

Events information

Leake site talk at Tellus Museum

Submitted by Scot Keith (New South Associates, inc.)

Scot Keith, Archaeologist and Principal Investigator with New South Associates will be giving a talk regarding the Leake site at the Tellus Science Museum near Cartersville, Thursday, February 3, 2011.

Events information

The Chattahoochee Valley Civil War Sesquicentennial Commemoration

Submitted by Mike Bunn (The Columbus Museum)

Civil_War_CU.jpgThe Chattahoochee Valley Civil War Sesquicentennial Commemoration is a series of collaborative events staged by a wide variety of cultural institutions in the lower Chattahoochee River Valley area of Alabama and Georgia which will investigate the enduring legacy of the Civil War. Events are taking place in the spring and early summer of 2011.

AnnouncementsEvents informationNorthwest Georgia Archaeological Society

Archaeology meeting and pottery washing—January 13th at New Echota

Submitted by Jim Langford (

On Thursday, January 13, 2011, we will have our annual “pottery washing” event and workshop at New Echota Historic Site located near Calhoun. This is part of our regularly scheduled meetings of the Northwest Georgia Archaeology Society meeting. The meeting will start at 7:00pm. The public is enthusiastically encouraged to attend.

AnnouncementsChapter NewsEvents informationGreater Atlanta Archaeological Society

GAAS January meeting rescheduled for Tuesday, the 25th, 2011

Submitted by Allen Vegotsky (

Fernbank Museum of Natural History’s archaeology lab manager, Rachael Hensley will give a talk entitled Deciphering Lamar Incised Ceramics on the Lower Ocmulgee River.The January meeting is rescheduled for the 25th.

Georgia archaeology resources

Primitive technology in a modern world: The art of Brian Floyd

Submitted by Kelly Woodard (

SGA member Brian Floyd uses primitive technological methods and materials to produce replicas and art regarding Georgia history. His work is not designed through the lens of modern interpretation on past artifacts but rather creates a more accurate looking replica of the past based on intensive research. Fernbank Museum of Natural History in Atlanta, Georgia, has picked up on the uniqueness of his art and talent as they are beginning to carry his ceramic pottery pieces in the gift shop. Make sure to get yours today!