Tag: Paleoindian period

These articles from all over the SGA website have been tagged with 'Paleoindian period'. Tags are subject identifiers that make it easier for you to search for all content that covers a certain area of interest. Use the 'tag cloud' at the bottom right of the sidebar: click on a tag, and all articles with that tag are gathered for you on one page. Have suggestions for tags for a particular article? Let us know.

BRAG members to discuss work at the Topper Site

sga_logo_cuOn Thursday, August 22, Blue Ridge Archaeology Guild President Tony Shore and Susanne Shore will talk about their experiences in 2010 and 2011 at the Topper Site, a pre-Clovis excavation along the upper Savannah River in South Carolina. As always, visitors are encouraged to attend!

Announcing the 2013 Waring Distinguished Lecture in Anthropology at the University of West Georgia

2013_Waring_lecture_65x100Archaeologist Dr. Ted Goebel, Associate Director for the Center for the Study of the First Americans at Texas A&M University, will visit the University of West Georgia campus to share discoveries from archaeological sites in Russia, Alaska, Nevada, and the American Southeast. Dr. Goebel’s talk is scheduled for Thursday, February 28, at 7:00 p.m. in Kathy Cashen Hall in the Humanities building on the campus of the University of West Georgia. Goebel’s talk explores the question of who the first Americans were and why they came to the New World during the Ice Age. Toward answering these questions, Goebel examines three lines of evidence: archaeological, physical, and genetic records.

Measurements and projectile points

Buchanan et al 2012 PLoS ONE Fig 2 CUArchaeologists sometimes make detailed studies of artifacts. Projectile points are one kind of artifact that some archaeologists study with great care. This article discusses measurements made in one recent study of North American Paleoindian points, in which measurements were made of the bases and blades of points, along with various length measurements, and the maximum thickness. Consider that points were almost always used, which altered their dimensions from when they were created.

Artifact styles…do not always match genetic data

SGA 0160 RJL PIDBA CUAre you interested in the earliest human settlers in North America? If so, you may enjoy browsing the information offered online in The Paleoindian Database of the Americas. The Georgia section now includes thousands of photographs and drawings of Paleoindian and Early Archaic projectile points, and metric data for the points, too, courtesy of R. Jerald Ledbetter. Style studies, for example of stone tools, do not always match the results of archaeogenetic studies.

UGA students learn primitive skills, atlatl throwing

Scott Jones demonstrating atlatl CUThe University of Georgia Student Association for Archaeological Sciences recently sponsored a day-long atlatl workshop with Scott Jones, primitive technologist and expert in atlatl manufacture and use. Twelve SAAS members and their faculty advisor, Jared Wood, gathered at Scott’s outdoor classroom at “The Woods” just northeast of Lexington, and listened to Scott’s exciting lecture, then practiced primitive skills, and had great fun taking aim at cardboard quarry. The full story includes many exciting photographs of the outing.

Collective learning, baseball caps, and Clovis points

Braves batter 2007 CUHumans are adept at collective learning. We share information with our peers and information is learned from our elders and passed along to the next generation. This means that we don’t have to expend as much energy learning something that another person already learned. How can this be seen archaeologically? Baseball caps and Clovis points are touched on in the full discussion.

GAAS Update: Summer 2011

GAAS_logo_100The Greater Atlanta Archaeological Society-GAAS has been busy this summer. Many chapter members have volunteered at various sites throughout Georgia and have been able to expand their archaeological knowledge through hands on excavation as well as participation in site supervisor lectures and updates. GAAS continues to be a great avenue for individuals interested in the hands-on archaeological experience. GAAS also has big news regarding their chapter president. Dennis Blanton has stepped down as president and, replacing Dennis will be Lyn Kirkland, who has been a member of GAAS for over 20 years.

Learning from the past: where people lived changed over time

TWC Georgia regions CURead “Examining Variation in the Human Settlement of Prehistoric Georgia,” by John A. Turck, Mark Williams, and John F. Chamblee in the Spring 2011 issue of Early Georgia (included in membership in the SGA) and you will better understand changes and continuities in the prehistoric occupation across the landscape of the area we now call Georgia. The trio apply statistical methods to the treasure trove of data stored at the Georgia Archaeological Site File in Athens to fine-tune our understanding of where people lived when in the past, and of how those patterns changed over time.

LR Binford on cultural evolution

In April 2011, archaeologist Lewis R. Binford (b. 1931) died. His 2001 book Constructing Frames of Reference presents cross-cultural data on hunting-and-gathering peoples who lived similar to Paleoindian peoples of Georgia. One issue commonly discussed in archaeology and addressed by Dr. Binford in his book is the transition away from hunting and gathering to more sedentary ways of life.

Now available: Extraordinary Fluted Points of the Tennessee Valley Region

Ellis Whitt announces the availability of a book he has been compiling since 2008, titled Extraordinary Fluted Points of the Tennessee Valley Region. It has nearly 200 pages and contains full-page photographs of 170 extraordinary fluted Paleo artifacts with key bits of information about several of the photographed artifacts.

4th annual Seven Islands Artifact ID Day growing interest among the public

The annual Seven Islands Artifact ID Day on October 23, 2010, was hosted by the Ocmulgee Archaeological Society (OAS) and the Butts County Historical Society (BCHS). Members of Taylor County High School’s “Benjamin Hawkins Historical, Expeditionary, and Geographical Society (BHEGS) volunteered to help manage the archaeology tent. Now in its fourth year, the event has continued to gain support and receive more visitors.

North American megafaunal extinctions considered

Firestone_2007_Fig_3_CU.jpgAre you familiar with the hypothesis that an extraterrestrial impact lead to the extinction of Pleistocene megafauna in North America? This hypothesis has been raised in opposition to hypotheses that posit that Paleoindians and/or climate did in the megafauna. This story introduces the basic ideas of these arguments, and includes links so you can read the paper that introduced the impact idea, and one which scientifically tested that model. Then, you can login and tell us your opinion!

Archaeogenetics summarized in Current Biology

Global Genetic History of Homo sapiens is the title of a new special issue of Current Biology, with eight papers available free online. This topic is also called archaeogenetics. There’s an introductory and a summary article, which bracket six articles that focus on human migration in specific geographic areas, including the New World.

How did climate change affect Pleistocene megafauna?

Mastadon_by_Barry_Roal_Carlsen_wisc_edu_CURead the full story for a discussion about what recent ecological reconstructions based on fossil pollen, charcoal and dung fungus spores tell us about the end of the Ice Age in interior North America.

Buried chemical clues to our human past

Science_mag_logo_CUUndisturbed archaeological sediments and remains include invisible chemical and physical clues to the past. Scientists studying ice cores from Antarctica and Greenland have analyzed the oxygen isotopes in small air bubbles contained in ice cores from ice that was formed thousands of years ago. They have found that the Earth underwent abrupt climate change between 14,700 and 14,500 years ago.

A summary of Georgia’s archaeological sequence

Period Time Subsistence Pattern Settlement Pattern Diagnostic Features Post war, global economy, information age AD 1945 to Present Corporate agriculture, international trade, service industry, and civil service Suburban-urbanization, second homes, rural abandonment Public works, transistors, interstate highways, disposable products, railroad abandonment, Teflon, computers Depression, recovery and war AD 1929 to AD 1945 Manufacturing, farming, retailing, […]

Meetings and activities

Dr. Al Goodyear of the University of South Carolina was the featured speaker at our October 11 meeting at Famous Dave’s Bar-B-Que on Washington Road. Dr. Goodyear gave an update of work at the Topper site and a review of the latest concepts in Paleo Indian studies, including the 11,900 YBP comet theory and the […]